Tillandsia air plants care and culture

 Tillandsia air plant is a genus of the family Bromeliaceae. This genus was named by Carl Linnaeus after the Swedish physician and botanist Dr. Elias Tillandz.

Grow and care Tillandsia air plants


 Tillandsia air plant is native to the forests, mountains and deserts of Central and South America, the southern United States and the West Indies. They normally grow without soil while attached to tree branches, barks, bare rocks, etc.

 Most of them are epiphytes, some are aerophytes. Their roots are mainly used as anchors. The Tillandsias absorb water and nutrients through their leaves, covered with so-called trichomes (epidermal cells that have the shape of small hairs) that capture the humidity of the air and rain. The more arid the areas from which the various species come and the longer their trichomes. It is a very important indication regarding their cultivation, because the Tillandsias with the long trichomes (the T. tectorum) do not absolutely love the excess of water, while those with the almost absent trichomes (the T. bulbous) need frequent wetting.

 Tillandsia plant has a relatively short life: 2 to 10 years (usually 2-4 years). The culmination of their life cycle is the flowering, after which the plant gives life to the side jets (from 1 to 4) and withers as they mature and become adult plants. Some species (T. ionantha or T. aeranthos) form new jets very easily, sometimes even before flowering; while in others (T. xerographica) they can die without producing them.


 Cultural information should only be used as a guide, and should be to be adapted to suit you. Your physical location; where you grow your plants, how much time you have to devote to their care, and many other factors, will need to be taken into account. Only then can you decide on the cultural methods that best suit you and your plants.


 Almost all Tillandsia air plants can tolerate direct sun in the morning and in the afternoon, but in the hottest hours (12 to 16 in summer and 12 to 15 in winter) they need protection, not so much for the intensity of the light but rather for the heat produced. Then there are certain species (T. aeranthos) that love a lot of light and grow in full sun all year round. For most species, 20000-30000 lux can be fine with a 12-hour photoperiod.


 Tillandsias come from the various countries of Central America. The temperatures vary according to the area (south or north, mountain or plain), however they all adapt to intermediate / intermediate-hot conditions: 17-29 ° C in summer and 10-22 ° C in winter. We must remember to decrease the wetting during the coldest periods.


 These air plants need the minimum humidity level of 50%; ideal 60-70%.

Substrate, growing media and repotting:

 Tillandsia air plant must never be put on the ground or glued on the supports (the glue damages the base of the plant). If we fix them on the pieces of cork or on the branches that we have available, they will willingly produce the roots that in turn with time, will stick to the support itself. Alternatively we can make a circle with a hook using aluminum wire (never iron because it rusts) and place the plant on it.


 The Tillandsias vaporize with water (possibly without salts or osmosis) every 1-5 days depending on the season and the nature of the species. It is very important to let the Tillandsia dry quickly after wetting (in 2-3 hours), because if it remains wet for a long time, it will rot. The water must never accumulate in the center of the rosette, because even in this case the rot is inevitable.

 The wetting must never take place in the evening: the plant will not have enough time to absorb the water because it requires exposure to light in order to do so.


 To fertilize the Tillandsias we use the liquid fertilizer for orchids. I recommend adding 1/8 of the dose indicated on the bottle to the wetting water. The fertilizations are to be done once a month.


 Propagation is by seeds or by offsets called "pups". A single plant could yield up to a dozen pups. Offsets can be separated when about 2/3 the size of their mother to encourage a new colony.



  1. Tillandsia aeranthos - Aeranthos air plant
  2. Tillandsia andreana - Andreana air plant
  3. Tillandsia angulosa - Angulosa air plant
  4. Tillandsia argentea - Argentea air plant
  5. Tillandsia arizae-juliae - Arizae-Juliae air plant
  6. Tillandsia baileyi - Baileyi air plant
  7. Tillandsia balbisiana - Balbisiana air plant
  8. Tillandsia bandensis - Bandensia air plant
  9. Tillandsia bartramii - Bartramii air plant
  10. Tillandsia belloensis - Belloensis air plant
  11. Tillandsia bergeri - Bergeri air plant
  12. Tillandsia brachycaulos - Brachycaulos air plant
  13. Tillandsia bulbosa - Bulbosa air plant
  14. Tillandsia butzii - Butzii air plant
  15. Tillandsia cacticola - Cacticola air plant
  16. Tillandsia caliginosa - Caliginosa air plant
  17. Tillandsia capillaris - Capillaris air plant
  18. Tillandsia capitata - Capitata air plant
  19. Tillandsia caput-medusae - Octopus plant - Medusa's head
  20. Tillandsia concolor - Concolor air plant
  21. Tillandsia crocata - Crocata air plant
  22. Tillandsia cyanea - Pink quill
  23. Tillandsia diaguitensis - Diaguitensis air plant
  24. Tillandsia didisticha - Didisticha air plant
  25. Tillandsia duratii - Duratii air plant
  26. Tillandsia dyeriana - Dyeriana air plant
  27. Tillandsia edithae - Edithae air plant
  28. Tillandsia ehlersiana - Ehlersiana air plant
  29. Tillandsia elizabethae - Elizabethae air plant
  30. Tillandsia fasciculata - Fasciculata air plant
  31. Tillandsia festucoides - The fescue air plant
  32. Tillandsia filifolia - Filifolia air plant
  33. Tillandsia flabellata - Flabellata air plant
  34. Tillandsia flexuosa - Flexuosa air plant
  35. Tillandsia funckiana - Funckiana air plant
  36. Tillandsia funebris - Funebris air plant
  37. Tillandsia gardneri - Gardneri air plant
  38. Tillandsia geminiflora - Geminiflora air plant
  39. Tillandsia hamaleana - Hamaleana air plant
  40. Tillandsia harrisii - Harrisii air plant
  41. Tillandsia hildae - Hildae air plant
  42. Tillandsia hondurensis - Hondurensis air plant
  43. Tillandsia intermedia - Intermedia air plant
  44. Tillandsia ionantha - Ionantha air plant
  45. Tillandsia ixioides - Ixioides air plant
  46. Tillandsia jucunda - Jucunda air plant
  47. Tillandsia juncea - Juncea air plant
  48. Tillandsia kautskyi - Kautskyi air plant
  49. Tillandsia latifolia - Latifolia air plant
  50. Tillandsia leiboldiana - Leiboldiana air plant
  51. Tillandsia lorentziana - Lorentziana air plant
  52. Tillandsia magnusiana - Magnusiana air plant
  53. Tillandsia mallemontii - Mallemontii air plant
  54. Tillandsia melanocrater - Melanocrater air plant
  55. Tillandsia nana - Nana air plant
  56. Tillandsia neglecta - Neglecta air plant
  57. Tillandsia paleacea - Paleacea air plant
  58. Tillandsia paucifolia - The Potbelly air plant
  59. Tillandsia plumosa - Plumosa air plant
  60. Tillandsia pohliana - Pohliana air plant
  61. Tillandsia polystachia - Polystachia air plant
  62. Tillandsia pruinosa - The Fuzzywuzzy air plant
  63. Tillandsia pseudobaileyi - Pseudobaileyi air plant
  64. Tillandsia punctulata - Punctulata air plant
  65. Tillandsia purpurea - Purpurea air plant
  66. Tillandsia rectangula - Rectangula air plant
  67. Tillandsia recurvata - Small ball moss - Ball moss
  68. Tillandsia recurvifolia - Recurvifolia air plant
  69. Tillandsia schiedeana - Schiedeana air plant
  70. Tillandsia secunda - Secunda air plant
  71. Tillandsia seleriana - Seleriana air plant
  72. Tillandsia straminea - Straminea air plant
  73. Tillandsia streptocarpa - Streptocarpa air plant
  74. Tillandsia stricta - Stricta air plant
  75. Tillandsia tectorum - Tectorum air plant
  76. Tillandsia tricholepis - Tricholepsis air plant
  77. Tillandsia tricolor - Tricolor air plant
  78. Tillandsia usneoides - Spanish moss - Grandpas Beard - Old Man’s Whiskers
  79. Tillandsia utriculata - The spreading air plant - The giant air plant
  80. Tillandsia velutina - Velutina air plant
  81. Tillandsia xerographica - King of air plants
  82. Tillandsia xiphioides - Xiphioides air plant



Abelia,7,Abutilon,2,Acalypha,1,Acampe,1,acianthera,1,Acineta,8,Acriopsis,1,Ada,3,Adenium,3,Adromischus,1,Aeonium,2,Aerangis,30,Aeranthes,8,Aerides,19,Aganisia,2,Agapanthus,10,Agapetes,1,Agave,9,Aglaonema,75,Aichryson,2,Air plants,82,Akebia,2,Aldrovanda,1,Alocasia,37,Aloe,1,Amesiella,3,Amydrium,3,Anathallis,4,Ancistrochilus,1,Angraecopsis,1,Angraecum,31,Anguloa,2,Annual,18,Anoectochilus,3,Ansellia,1,Anthurium,30,Ardisia,1,Aronia,1,Arpophyllum,1,Arundina,1,Ascocentrum,5,Aspasia,5,Aster,6,Astrophytum,2,Asystasia,1,Aucuba,1,Austrocylindropuntia,1,Barkeria,8,Beallara,1,Begonia,1,Benzingia,1,Berlandiera,1,Bifrenaria,5,Bletilla,1,Bougainvillea,5,Brachtia,1,Brasiliorchis,1,Brassavola,5,Brassia,21,Bryobium,1,Bryophyllum,1,Bulbophyllum,41,Cactus,51,Cadetia,2,Caladium,105,Calanthe,21,Calathea,16,Campsis,1,Capanemia,1,Carnivorous plant,12,Catasetum,62,Cattleya,58,Cedrus,3,Celosia,3,Ceratocentron,1,Ceratostylis,2,Cereus,2,Chiloschista,4,Chlorophytum,1,Chondroscaphe,3,Chysis,2,Cirrhaea,1,Cischweinfia,1,Clematis,1,Clowesia,1,Cochlioda,2,Codiaeum,1,Coelia,1,Coelogyne,35,Coilostylis,1,Coleus,1,Comparettia,2,Conifers,39,Cordyline,3,Coryanthes,2,Cosmos,1,Crassothonna,1,Crassula,1,Crotalaria,1,Cuitlauzina,2,Cyclamen,23,Cycnoches,7,Cymbidiella,1,Cymbidium,53,Cypripedium,14,Cyrtochiloides,1,Cyrtochilum,2,Cyrtorchis,2,Darlingtonia,1,Darmera,1,Degarmoara,1,Dendrobium,213,Dendrochilum,5,Dendrophylax,1,Dieffenbachia,27,Diodonopsis,2,Dionaea,1,Diplocaulobium,1,Disa,2,Disocactus,1,Dockrillia,8,Domingoa,1,Dracaena,6,Dracula,13,Dryadella,3,Dyakia,1,Echeveria,43,Echinocactus,2,Echinocereus,2,Embreea,1,Encyclia,24,Ensete,1,Epidendrum,12,Epigeneium,3,Epilobium,1,Epipactis,5,Epiphyllum,2,Epipremnum,5,Eria,1,Erycina,2,Erythronium,1,Esmeralda,1,Euchile,2,Eulophia,1,Euphorbia,1,Eurychone,2,Eustoma,3,Fernandezia,2,Fittonia,3,Galeandra,1,Galeottia,1,Gardenia,8,Gastrochilus,3,Gerbera,6,Ginkgo,1,Goeppertia,17,Gomesa,3,Gongora,2,Grammatophyllum,3,Graptopetalum,1,Guarianthe,3,Gymnocalycium,2,Gynura,1,Habenaria,2,Haraella,1,Hatiora,1,Haworthia,1,Hedera,1,Helcia,1,Herb,334,Heuchera,222,Heucherella,12,Hosta,114,Houlletia,1,Hoya,2,Humulus,1,Hybrid,27,Hydrangea,28,Hylostachys,1,Hylotelephium,2,Hymenorchis,1,Hypoestes,4,Ionopsis,1,Isabelia,2,Isochilus,1,Jasminum,6,Jatropha,1,Jumellea,2,Juniperus,1,Kalanchoe,32,Kefersteinia,3,Laelia,15,Larix,4,Lepanthes,2,Leptotes,1,Liparis,1,Lithops,27,Lockhartia,1,Ludisia,1,Lycaste,3,Macodes,1,Macroclinium,5,Mammillaria,2,Masdevallia,124,Maxillaria,43,Mazus,1,Mediocalcar,1,Meiracyllium,1,Mentha,1,Mexicoa,1,Microterangis,1,Miltonia,14,Miltoniopsis,12,Monstera,1,Mormodes,4,Musella,1,Myoporum,1,Myrmecophila,1,Mystacidium,3,Nageia,1,Nandina,7,Neobathiea,1,Neobenthamia,1,Neofinetia,1,Notylia,2,Odontoglossum,19,Oeoniella,1,Oestlundia,1,Oncidium,37,Ophrys,11,Opuntia,4,Orchid,1544,Orostachys,1,Others Genus,246,Othonna,1,Otoglossum,1,Pabstia,1,Pachyphytum,1,Paphinia,2,Paphiopedilum,77,Papilionanthe,2,Parodia,2,Pecteilis,1,Peperomia,2,Perennials,881,Peristeria,2,Pescatoria,8,Petrosedum,3,Petunia,8,Phaius,5,Phalaenopsis,65,Phedimus,5,Philodendron,52,Pholidota,2,Phragmipedium,16,Phyla,1,Pilea,12,Pinus,25,Platanthera,6,Plectranthus,9,Plectrelminthus,1,Pleione,18,Pleroma,1,Pleurothallis,10,Plumeria,1,Podangis,1,Podocarpus,2,Polystachya,14,Ponthieva,1,Pothos,1,Promenaea,2,Prosthechea,18,Pseudolarix,1,Psychopsiella,1,Psychopsis,5,Pteris,1,Pteroceras,1,Puna,2,Rangaeris,2,Renanthera,4,Restrepia,8,Rhaphidophora,5,Rhipsalis,14,Rhododendron,40,Rhyncholaelia,2,Rhynchostele,8,Rhynchostylis,2,Robiquetia,1,Rodriguezia,4,Rodrigueziopsis,1,Rossioglossum,4,Rudolfiella,1,Ruellia,1,Saintpaulia,1,Salvia,36,Sansevieria,1,Sarcochilus,4,Sarracenia,9,Scaphosepalum,1,Schlumbergera,10,Schoenorchis,1,Scindapsus,2,Scuticaria,1,Sedirea,1,Sedum,148,Selaginella,1,Selenicereus,1,Sempervivum,9,Shrubs,132,Sievekingia,1,Sigmatostalix,3,Sobennikoffia,2,Sobralia,1,Solenidiopsis,1,Sophronitis,1,Spathiphyllum,1,Spathoglottis,10,Specklinia,1,Sporobolus,1,Stanhopea,13,Stauntonia,1,Stelis,1,Stenoglottis,1,Streptocarpus,1,Strobilanthes,1,Succulents,290,Sudamerlycaste,1,Symphyglossum,1,Thaumatophyllum,2,Thunia,1,Tibouchina,1,Tillandsia,82,Tolumnia,7,Trachelospermum,1,Tree,50,Trichocentrum,7,Trichoglottis,4,Trichopilia,8,Trisetella,1,Tsuga,1,Turbinicarpus,2,Vanda,8,Vandopsis,1,Vanilla,1,Vines and Climbing Plants,83,Vitis,1,Warczewiczella,2,Warmingia,1,Wisteria,1,Zamioculcas,1,Zelenkoa,1,Zygopetalum,13,Zygosepalum,2,
Travaldo's blog: Tillandsia air plants care and culture
Tillandsia air plants care and culture
Tillandsia air plant is native to the forests, mountains and deserts of Central and South America, the southern United States and the West Indies. They normally grow without soil while attached to tree branches, barks, bare rocks, etc.
Travaldo's blog
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