Grow and care Zygopetalum orchid

Zygopetalum orchid occur in humid forests at low- to mid-elevation regions of South America, with most species in Brazil. Most of this genus are epiphytes, but some are terrestrials with glossy, strap-like, plicate leaves, which are apical, oblong or elliptic-lanceolate, acute or acuminate. These orchids have a robust growth form. Their ovoid-conical pseudobulbs are deciduous...

 Zygopetalum orchid is a genus of the orchid family Orchidaceae. This genus was described by William Jackson Hooker in 1833. Some accepted species are: Zygopetalum brachypetalum, Zygopetalum crinitum, Zygopetalum ghillanyi, Zygopetalum graminifolium, Zygopetalum maculatum, Zygopetalum maxillare, Zygopetalum microphytum, Zygopetalum pabstii, Zygopetalum pedicellatum, Zygopetalum reginae, Zygopetalum sellowii, Zygopetalum silvanum, Zygopetalum sincoranum, Zygopetalum triste.


 Zygopetalum orchid occur in humid forests at low- to mid-elevation regions of South America, with most species in Brazil.
Grow and care Zygopetalum orchid
 Most of this genus are epiphytes, but some are terrestrials with glossy, strap-like, plicate leaves, which are apical, oblong or elliptic-lanceolate, acute or acuminate. These orchids have a robust growth form. Their ovoid-conical pseudobulbs are deciduous.
 They produce an erect, 60-centimeter-long, few-flowered to several-flowered, racemose inflorescence that grows laterally and is longer than the leaves. Their prominent bracts equal the length of the ovary. They are known for their fragrant, waxy, and long-lived flowers with multiple blooms in shades of green, purple, burgundy, and raspberry with several patterns.


 Cultural information should only be used as a guide, and should be to be adapted to suit you. Your physical location; where you grow your plants, how much time you have to devote to their care, and many other factors, will need to be taken into account. Only then can you decide on the cultural methods that best suit you and your plants.


 Zygopetalum orchid needs the light level of no more than 30000 lux, about 70% shade, except in winter when on a sunny day, higher light levels, because they are not accompanied by high leaf temperatures, will do no harm for a few days. As with most orchids, more direct light very early or late in the day is not likely to be detrimental.
Grow and care Zygopetalum orchid


 They grow best in intermediate to moderate temperatures. They can tolerate temperatures in the range from 3-5 ° C and up to 42 ° C. The most useful for the plant will be: Day temperature at 16-24 ° C; Night temperature about 14 ° C.


 This genus needs relative high humidity level, at least 65% or higher. In conditions of high humidity, it is necessary to regularly ventilate the room where the plants are kept, since wet, stale air is an ideal medium for the mass reproduction of various fungal and bacterial diseases.

Substrate, growing media:

 Zygopetalum orchid should be planted in a plastic pot or a clay pot, specially picking it up to the size of the root system with a small margin of free space on its sides. Since the roots inside the substrate are most often of minimal origin or partially covered with root hairs, the substrate is best chosen more moisture-consuming. In its quality, a mixture of bark of coniferous trees with peat, claydite and moss sphagnum is not bad. The components can be mixed or layered. However, remember, that many factors affect the moisture absorption (and light, and temperature, and humidity), so in the same mixture on one window sill, it will be absorbed more quickly, and at the other slower.
 Planting on the block, of course, is not forbidden, but such a way of growing is not the most successful option for an ordinary window sill, as in spring and summer the roots (even if they have a very thick layer of moss) will dry out quickly enough for 10-20 hours, and you will have to endlessly remove them from their homes and water them. Long drying in the heat is bad not only for the health of the roots, but also for the state of the leaves (the tips dry out, dry spots and dots appear). In hot sunny weather, the orchid should be well watered, as all the processes inside the plant go very quickly, and this all the time requires water, and if it does not, it will be taken from more mature pseudobulbs and their leaves.


 Repotting is desirable only when it is really necessary. For example: If you water it with ordinary tap water, the pH of which is between 7.2 and 7.8, then over time, as a rule, for 2 years, a favorable pH of the substrate (5.5 to 6.5) also will jump to this index, and the orchid will not be able to absorb more useful substances, for example, iron, which means that it will start to lose its color in the leaves - yellow. In addition, salts accumulate in the substrates from fertilizer or when watering with poor quality water, which the orchid can not quickly (or in general) absorb and process, reaching a certain amount, they can cause massive root burn, and the orchid will lose all its roots overnight.


 Plants growing on blocks, it is desirable to water daily in the morning, so that by evening their roots could dry out relatively well. When watering orchids in pots and baskets, it is necessary to remember that excess water during watering should flow freely out of the pot (basket), since the stagnation of water both inside the pot (basket) and in its pan can very quickly lead to decay of the roots and lower parts of pseudobulbs. Between waterings they must be absolutely dry.
Grow and care Zygopetalum orchid
© Don


 In the period of active growth, this type of orchids is fertilized once in 2-3 weeks in 1/2, 1/3 or 1/4 (depending on what grade is the species) from the fertilizer concentration indicated on the package. In addition to the usual root dressing, it is also possible to produce a foliar dressing, when the outermost part of the plant is sprayed with a very diluted fertilizer. It is best to feed the orchid, alternating both these methods. The best fertilizer is fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in equal parts, for example, NPK = 3-3-3 or 8-8-8. If you do not have such a fertilizer, alternate - once fertilizer with a large content of nitrogen, and another time - with a high content of phosphorus.

Rest period:

 Zygopetalum orchid does not need a period of rest. Between the beginning of May and the time when the night temperature falls to 14-16 ° C, it is possible (and if you have problems with flowering, it is recommended) to find this type of orchids outdoors: on the balcony or in the garden, so how exactly there are natural changes necessary for a plant between night and day temperatures. The place should be chosen protected from rain, strong winds and direct sunlight.



  1. Zygopetalum crinitum - The Hairy Zygopetalum
  2. Zygopetalum intermedium - The In Between Zygopetalum
  3. Zygopetalum mackaii - Mackay's Zygopetalum
  4. Zygopetalum maculatum - The Spotted Zygopetalum



Abelia,7,Abutilon,2,Acalypha,1,Acampe,1,Acineta,1,Acriopsis,1,Ada,3,Adenium,3,Adromischus,1,Aeonium,2,Aerangis,30,Aeranthes,8,Aerides,19,Aganisia,2,Agapanthus,8,Agapetes,1,Agave,8,Aglaonema,14,Aichryson,2,Air plants,81,Aldrovanda,1,Amesiella,3,Anathallis,1,Ancistrochilus,1,Angraecopsis,1,Angraecum,31,Anguloa,1,Ansellia,1,Aronia,1,Arpophyllum,1,Arundina,1,Ascocentrum,5,Aspasia,3,Astrophytum,2,Asystasia,1,Aucuba,1,Barkeria,4,Beallara,1,Benzingia,1,Bifrenaria,5,Bletilla,1,Brachtia,1,Brasiliorchis,1,Brassavola,3,Brassia,9,Bulbophyllum,28,Cactus,21,Calanthe,3,Campsis,1,Capanemia,1,Carnivorous plant,12,Catasetum,62,Cattleya,42,Cedrus,3,Ceratocentron,1,Ceratostylis,2,Cereus,2,Chiloschista,4,Chondroscaphe,3,Chysis,2,Cirrhaea,1,Cischweinfia,1,Clematis,1,Clowesia,1,Cochlioda,2,Coelia,1,Coelogyne,25,Coilostylis,1,Comparettia,2,Conifers,39,Coryanthes,2,Cuitlauzina,2,Cycnoches,7,Cymbidiella,1,Cymbidium,8,Cypripedium,7,Cyrtochilum,2,Cyrtorchis,2,Darlingtonia,1,Degarmoara,1,Dendrobium,154,Dendrochilum,5,Dendrophylax,1,Diodonopsis,2,Dionaea,1,Diplocaulobium,1,Disa,2,Disocactus,1,Dockrillia,8,Domingoa,1,Dracula,13,Dryadella,3,Dyakia,1,Echinocactus,2,Echinocereus,2,Embreea,1,Encyclia,3,Ensete,1,Epidendrum,12,Epigeneium,1,Epiphyllum,1,Eria,1,Erycina,2,Esmeralda,1,Euchile,2,Eulophia,1,Eurychone,2,Fernandezia,2,Galeandra,1,Galeottia,1,Gastrochilus,3,Ginkgo,1,Gomesa,3,Gongora,2,Grammatophyllum,3,Guarianthe,3,Gymnocalycium,2,Habenaria,2,Haraella,1,Hedera,1,Helcia,1,Houlletia,1,Humulus,1,Hybrid,27,Hydrangea,10,Hymenorchis,1,Ionopsis,1,Isabelia,2,Isochilus,1,Jasminum,1,Jumellea,2,Juniperus,1,Kefersteinia,3,Laelia,15,Larix,4,Lepanthes,2,Leptotes,1,Liparis,1,Lithops,17,Lockhartia,1,Ludisia,1,Lycaste,3,Macodes,1,Macroclinium,3,Mammillaria,2,Masdevallia,123,Maxillaria,8,Mediocalcar,1,Meiracyllium,1,Mexicoa,1,Microterangis,1,Miltonia,8,Miltoniopsis,12,Mormodes,4,Musella,1,Myrmecophila,1,Mystacidium,3,Nageia,1,Neobathiea,1,Neobenthamia,1,Neofinetia,1,Notylia,2,Odontoglossum,17,Oeoniella,1,Oncidium,21,Orchid,1166,Others Genus,246,Otoglossum,1,Pabstia,1,Paphinia,2,Paphiopedilum,77,Papilionanthe,2,Parodia,2,Pecteilis,1,Perennials,24,Peristeria,1,Pescatoria,8,Phaius,5,Phalaenopsis,43,Pholidota,2,Phragmipedium,16,Pinus,25,Plectrelminthus,1,Pleione,18,Pleurothallis,5,Podangis,1,Podocarpus,2,Polystachya,14,Ponthieva,1,Promenaea,2,Prosthechea,4,Pseudolarix,1,Psychopsiella,1,Psychopsis,5,Pteroceras,1,Puna,2,Rangaeris,2,Renanthera,4,Restrepia,5,Rhododendron,1,Rhyncholaelia,2,Rhynchostele,8,Rhynchostylis,2,Robiquetia,1,Rodriguezia,4,Rodrigueziopsis,1,Rossioglossum,4,Rudolfiella,1,Sarcochilus,4,Sarracenia,9,Scaphosepalum,1,Schoenorchis,1,Scuticaria,1,Sedirea,1,Selenicereus,1,Shrubs,26,Sievekingia,1,Sigmatostalix,3,Sobennikoffia,2,Sobralia,1,Solenidiopsis,1,Sophronitis,1,Spathoglottis,10,Stanhopea,9,Stauntonia,1,Stenoglottis,1,Succulents,33,Sudamerlycaste,1,Symphyglossum,1,Thunia,1,Tillandsia,81,Tolumnia,7,Trachelospermum,1,Tree,39,Trichocentrum,7,Trichoglottis,4,Trichopilia,4,Trisetella,1,Tsuga,1,Turbinicarpus,2,Vanda,8,Vandopsis,1,Vanilla,1,Vines and Climbing Plants,14,Vitis,1,Warczewiczella,2,Warmingia,1,Wisteria,1,Zelenkoa,1,Zygopetalum,5,Zygosepalum,1,
Travaldo's blog: Grow and care Zygopetalum orchid
Grow and care Zygopetalum orchid
Zygopetalum orchid occur in humid forests at low- to mid-elevation regions of South America, with most species in Brazil. Most of this genus are epiphytes, but some are terrestrials with glossy, strap-like, plicate leaves, which are apical, oblong or elliptic-lanceolate, acute or acuminate. These orchids have a robust growth form. Their ovoid-conical pseudobulbs are deciduous...
Travaldo's blog
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share. STEP 2: Click the link you shared to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy