Sunday, January 7, 2018

Dendrobium chameleon care and culture

 Dendrobium chameleon, also called as The Chameleon Dendrobium (refers to the flowers quick change from original color to yellow as they age), Dendrobium chameleon f. alba, Dendrobium chameleon var. ovatilabium, Dendrobium longicalcaratum, Dendrobium randaiense, Pedilonum longicalcaratum, is a species of the genus Dendrobium. This species was described by Ames in 1908.

IDENTIFY DENDROBIUM CHAMELEON

 Dendrobium chameleon is native to Philippines and Taiwan. In the Philippines, these plants are found on the island of Luzon. They meets near Baguio in the Province of Benguet, near Floridablanca in the Province of Pampanga and in the Provinces of Laguna and Sorsogon. They grow usually on trees, on tree ferns, on branches of trees, or hang from branches, in damp, shady deciduous forests, at heights of 600-1000 m. In Taiwan, they are found in the mountains in the north.

Dendrobium chameleon care and culture

 It is a medium sized, warm growing epiphyte or lithophyte, which reach a height of 40-64 cm, sometimes up to 183 cm, with cane-like, branching, pendant to horizontal, 40-64 cm long stems that are thickened apically carrying many, ovate, deciduous, 3-6 cm long leaves.

 The Chameleon Dendrobium blooms in the fall on an axillary, short, many to each pseudobulb, all along upper third from the nodes of the leafless cane, 1 to 4 flowered, racemose inflorescence with flowers that quickly lose their original color and turn yellow. The flowers are 3-4 cm in diameter. The sharp outer petals of the outer whorl, the curved flakes of the inner whorl and the spoon-shaped lip are white, sometimes with a slightly lavender color, purple veins or pink lines.

DENDROBIUM CHAMELEON CARE AND CULTURE

 Cultural information should only be used as a guide, and should be to be adapted to suit you. Your physical location; where you grow your plants, how much time you have to devote to their care, and many other factors, will need to be taken into account. Only then can you decide on the cultural methods that best suit you and your plants.

Light:

 Dendrobium chameleon needs a light level of 18000-25000 lux.

Dendrobium chameleon care and culture

Temperature:

 The average temperature of the day throughout the year is 25-29 ° C, night 17-20 ° C, giving a daily difference of 7-9 ° C.

Humidity:

 The Chameleon Dendrobium needs a humidity of 80% in summer. The humidity decreases to 70-75% in autumn and to 65% in winter and spring.

Substrate, growing media and repotting:

 Dendrobium chameleon are best mounted on tree-fern rootstocks or cork due to their overhanging habit, but it is necessary to ensure high humidity and summer watering at least once a day. This plants can also be grown in hanging pots or baskets filled with any loose, quickly drying ground. Repotting can be done in early spring, when new roots begin to grow.

Watering:

 Water is abundant for 4 months of summer, but it is dry in winter. Dendrobium chameleon should be kept moist from the end of spring to the beginning of autumn, and when new growths reach maturity, the amount of water should be gradually reduced.

Dendrobium chameleon care and culture

Fertilizer:

 It is recommended to apply a 1/4-1/2 dose of orchid fertilizer weekly. From spring to mid-summer, high-nitrogen fertilizer should be used, and then until the end of autumn high-phosphoric fertilizer.

Rest period:

 During the 4 months of winter, Dendrobium chameleon should be allowed to dry between waterings, but they should not remain dry for too long. Fertilization should also be reduced or eliminated until regular watering is resumed.

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