Epidendrum ibaguense orchid plant care and culture

 Epidendrum ibaguense also called as The Ibague' Epidendrum, Crucifix Orchid, Epidendrum baumannianum, Epidendrum bituberculatum, Epidendrum fraternum, Epidendrum laetum, Epidendrum miquelii, Epidendrum planiceps, Epidendrum smithii, Epidendrum sororium, is a species of the genus Epidendrum. This species was described by Carl Sigismund Kunth in 1816.


 Epidendrum ibaguense grow as terrestrial or lithophytic in Trinidad, French Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia and Northern Brazil.

Epidendrum ibaguense orchid plant care and culture

 It is a highly variable, large sized, erect, hot to warm growing, reed stem terrestrial or lithophytic species, which reaching up to 90 cm in height, with terete stems enveloped by grey or brown sheaths carrying elliptic, distichous, acute or obtuse, 10 cm in length leaves.

 The Ibague' Epidendrum is free blooming year round on a terminal, erect, to 35 cm long, simple or few branched raceme with an apical cluster of blooms that open in succession over a long period of time. The flowers are small, measuring 2.5 to 4 cm in diameter, the color may be red, orange or yellow. Sepals covered with wax. The lip inside is yellow, and at the edges with fringe.


 Cultural information should only be used as a guide, and should be to be adapted to suit you. Your physical location; where you grow your plants, how much time you have to devote to their care, and many other factors, will need to be taken into account. Only then can you decide on the cultural methods that best suit you and your plants.


 Epidendrum ibaguense loves the bright sun without access to direct sunlight, so during the midday solstice it must be put behind a curtain or into the shade of other plants.

Epidendrum ibaguense orchid plant care and culture


 This type of orchid refers to a moderate temperature regime: Day temperature at 18-25 ° C; Night temperature at 12-16 ° C. For successful cultivation at home, the night temperature should be 6 ° C lower than the daytime temperature.


 The ideal level of humidity is 50-70%. When caring for this kind of orchid, the higher of temperature, the higher must be the humidity of the air, and the higher the humidity of the air, the more often and longer it is necessary to ventilate the room where the orchids are kept, otherwise there is a high probability of decay and appearance on the leaves of various kinds of fungi.

Substrate, growing media and repotting:

 Epidendrum ibaguense is usually grow in small narrow pots. As a substrate, pieces of coniferous medium-sized bark are best. The best time for transplant is the period immediately after flowering and until the moment when new shoots reach a size of 5 cm and begin to build their own roots.


 Watering this kind of orchids directly depends on the temperature of the content, the higher it is, the more often it should be watered. Excess water during watering should flow freely out of the pot, as the stagnation of water both inside the pot and in its pan can very quickly lead to decay of the roots and the lower part of the plant. The substrate between watering should dry well.

Epidendrum ibaguense orchid plant care and culture


 During the period of new growth, the orchid is fertilized for every second watering in the usual concentration of fertilizer indicated on the package.

Rest period:

 To stimulate flowering, Epidendrum ibaguense does not need a period of rest. After flowering, the trunk of the plant is pruned, leaving 1-2 eyes to the base, and, if necessary, the orchid is transplanted and 2-3 days contain dry. This is necessary to acclimatize the plant and to prevent rotting of the roots from the transplant.


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